German Reich

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Iron Cross pure German silver bar 10 gram 999 World War 2 Third Reich
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1986 German Deutsches Reich 5 Reichmark Graf Zeppelin 5 Troy Oz 999 Fine Silver
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1934 J WW2 5 Mark 90 SILVER German Garrisonkirche W D 3rd Reich Coin
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WW2 German 5 Mark Silver Coin 1938 G Third Reich BIG Swastika Hindenburg Nazi188
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WW2 German 5 Mark Silver Coin 1939 F Third Reich BIG Swastika Hindenburg Nazi140
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WW2 German 5 Mark Silver Coin 1939 A Third Reich BIG Swastika Hindenburg Nazi134
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WW2 German 5 Mark Silver Coin 1936 G Third Reich BIG Swastika Hindenburg Nazi130
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German Reich

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The Greater German Reich - Nazi Germany (Excision - Execute - X Rated)

Comment: In defence of the German view.

Author:

Timothy Spyrou

THIS IS not an endorsement of Germany's government's
policy regarding the Cyprus bailout or the Euro-Crisis at large. While I
do indeed support the case for intelligent austerity and deep structural
reforms throughout the Western world, I admit, like many other informed
people that the course advocated by Berlin has not been successful and
that a complimentary growth based strategy is needed to ward off a
European Great Depression, which will only make the debt situation more
unsustainable.

I also admit that Berlin and the Troika may have failed to take
into account of the sensitivities of the population of other countries
and the risk to the European project when they took their decisions. I
also firmly believe that, just like in Southern European debtor
countries, politicians in Northern European creditor countries,
particularly the German leadership, albeit for the opposite reasons,
frequently failed President John F Kennedy's "Profiles in
Courage" Test.

Those who are willing to take the test, and pass it, become
statesmen, in that, they stood by their personal political beliefs
regarding the future of their country, even though their friends,
colleagues and constituents overwhelmingly disagreed, posing a clear
political cost that has the power to destroy one's career. The
category that chooses to be led by the polls, rather than to challenge
and change the polls, are politicians. That said, I will lay out my
argument explaining the opinion of the German voter, which, rightly or
wrongly, motivates Chancellor Merkel's coalition.

[A] The first thing that should be made clear, is that, however
genuine the grievance, however deep the suffering caused by a failed
austerity heavy strategy, the politicians of Southern European creditor
countries, the media, and the public at large, should not, in any
circumstances invoke the memory of
WWI

abbr.
World War I


 World War One
 and
WWII

abbr.
World War II


 World War Two
. They should not refer
to Chancellor Merkel as the "
Fuhrer
 also fueh·rer  
n.
A leader, especially one exercising the powers of a tyrant.



[German, from Middle High German vüerer, from vüeren, to lead, from Old High German
 of the
Fourth Reich

",
"Hitler's demon love child" and they should not declare
that Germany is launching
WWIII

, with the weapons of choice being euros
instead of
blitzkrieg

 panzer divisions and V-Rockets. They should not be
implying that Germany intends to turn countries like Greece and Cyprus
into giant versions of Auschwitz, as SYRIZA's Tsirpas did when he
called the austerity a "Holocaust".

I certainly do not endorse the claim that "Germany seeks to do
to Cyprus what Bashar Al Assad is doing to his own people".
Although passions are running high at the terrible state of affairs,
this is wrong on many levels. It is wrong in that it trivializes the
bravery and suffering of all those who fought Nazism on the battlefield,
including the German military officers, led by Klaus Von Stauffenberg,
who tried to kill Hitler in an
abortive
 /abor·tive/ ()
1. incompletely developed.

2. abortifacient (1).

3. cutting short the course of a disease.


adj.
1.
 coup. It is wrong in that it
trivializes the suffering of those who endured the destruction of their
countries and societies by Nazi occupation, from Norway to Greece to the
Ukraine.

It is wrong in that it makes light of the men, women, and children,
who, because they were deemed unworthy of life for whatever reason, were
shot above ditches, locked in gas chambers and asphyxiated, or pushed
into crematoriums while they were still alive. However, besides
betraying an immature lack of perspective, it is wrong on both a moral
and political level in that German voters see it as a strategy of
psychological abuse and emotional blackmail. Nazism was not just a
crime
against humanity

 in itself-it was a crime in that it destroyed the soul
of a proud nation by degrading it to the spirit of a monster.

Virtually every German family carries a portion of that trauma of
guilt and shame. They believe they are trying to atone for it by
offering to help their fellow Europeans. Do you think it is nice to have
this trauma constantly thrown back in one's face? Do you think we
could persuade the German voter to be reasonable and allow leeway to
their leaders? Do you think it is right to label the people who are
supposed to save us as "barbaric Krauts" or "Teutonic
Brutes"? Do you think this will rebuild a united and dynamic
Europe?

[B] My second line of argument concerns the cultural
misunderstanding between Southern European debtor nations and Northern
European creditor nations, particularly Germany. Southern Europeans,
because of Roman Catholic and Orthodox views of community and different
political development, have an interpretation of solidarity. This also
extends to France's political economy, regardless of left and right
divisions. Unfortunately, this communal idealism has translated into
thinking that the Northern Europeans in general, and the Germans in
particular, are unfeeling asset strippers and deficit scolds at best, or
jack-booted fascists at worst.

This is not the case.
Northern Germany

 was the centre of the
Protestant Reformation. Its' leader, the formerly Catholic monk
Martin Luther, gave his name to one of the earliest Protestant
denominations-Lutheranism. Lutheranism teaches that the individual is
primarily responsible for his own spiritual salvation by the grace of
God. This theological standpoint entered the economic sphere as the

Protestant Work Ethic

, where it is believed that industry and frugality
would not only lead to spiritual salvation, but economic independence.

However, Lutheran culture encourages the notion of charity and
communal solidarity on these grounds; that the community of individuals
should, from time to time, offer help to individuals who are
experiencing hardship or have lost their way so that they can become not
only independent again, but also, contributing members of society. In an
opinion piece in the
New York
 Middle Atlantic state of the United States. It is bordered by Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and the Atlantic Ocean (E), New Jersey and Pennsylvania (S), Lakes Erie and Ontario and the Canadian province of
 Times, Harvard German History Professor

Steven Ozment

, set out Martin Luther's vision of Christian, and
civic, responsibility:

"He made the care of the poor an organized, civic obligation
by proposing that a common chest be put in every German town; rather
than
skimp
  
v. skimped, skimp·ing, skimps

v.tr.
1. To deal with hastily, carelessly, or with poor material:

2.
 along with the traditional practice of almsgiving to the
needy and deserving native poor, Luther proposed that they receive
grants, or loans, from the chest. Each recipient would pledge to repay
the borrowed amount after a timely recovery and return to
self-sufficiency, thereby taking responsibility for both his neighbors
and himself. This was love of one's neighbor through shared civic
responsibility, what the Lutherans still call "faith begetting
charity.""

Although Germany is a secular country with a significant Roman
Catholic minority, this doctrine has formed the German outlook, and is
seen as the root of Germany's industrial and economic might, from
the small Mittelstand firms to the engineering giants. It is an
especially relevant doctrine for Chancellor Merkel. Her father was a
Lutheran pastor from Hamburg who moved his young family from West
Germany to East Berlin just so that he could work to keep Christianity
alive in the East German communist state.

Beyond the influence of her father's preaching, Merkel was
influenced by the stifling lack of encouragement of individual and civic
enterprise and initiative. Combined with the obvious facts that she
believes in German economic efficiency and
rigor
 /rig·or/ () [L.] chill; rigidity.



rigor mor´tis  the stiffening of a dead body accompanying depletion of adenosine triphosphate in the muscle fibers.
, Germany's
strength as an export model and that she leads a centre-right party,
that, although not as much as the British or American conservatives, has
a skeptical view of big government, and it is not very surprising at all
that the German Chancellor has adopted a tough line to the Euro-Crisis.

[C] That being said, it should be noted that long before the
Euro-Crisis burst into view, German voters and taxpayers have been
fulfilling a civic responsibility towards the rest of Europe throughout
the history of the European project. It started with the
Marshall Plan
 or  project instituted at the Paris Economic Conference (July, 1947) to foster economic recovery in certain European countries after World War II. The Marshall Plan took form when U.S.
,
when the United States offered its Western European allies
reconstruction funds after WWII, including the defeated foe, Germany.
West Germany's new democratic leadership, its industrialists, small
businesses, workers and society as a whole used this opportunity in true
civic Lutheran fashion-they fashioned an economic miracle or
Wirtschaftswunder- at the same time as ditching the worthless pre-war
currency , the
Reichsmark
  
n. pl. reichsmark or reichs·marks
A monetary unit of Germany from 1925 to 1948.



[German : Reichs, genitive of Reich, realm
 in favor of a stronger Deutschemark.

They were able to do this despite initial Allied restrictions on
German manufacturing capability and the requirement for some war
reparations. West Germany, along with France, became the motor of the
EU's predecessor, the European Coal and Steel Community. It was
returning the interest back in spades by becoming a pillar of the free
world. Germany's civic responsibility towards Europe did not end
there. As part of its efforts to atone for the past, and lay the
groundwork for a mutually prosperous future of a union of European
nation states with strong market economies and healthy welfare states,
it was ready to put its financial muscle-essentially the money of German
voters and taxpayers, towards achieving that goal.

The EU had a couple of big waves of enlargement. Each time, it was
expected of the Federal Republic of Germany, as the biggest economy, to
contribute the bulk of aid funds to incoming neighbors so that they
could get their economic fundamentals up to scratch. The most recent
enlargement wave, 2004-2007, saw Cyprus and Malta enter the EU alongside
Poland and other formerly Eastern Bloc countries. The other notable
enlargement wave was in the late 70's and early 80's when
mainly poor countries that had recently right wing military dictators
were welcomed, except for Ireland, which, although poor, was always a
liberal democracy, and the UK, which although it was facing economic
hard times, was still something of an economic great power. The poor,
new democracies that were entering were called Spain, Portugal,
and...Greece.

One would think that the German voter and taxpayer would expect
that the funds, which continued long after these countries joined,
[Common Agricultural Policy, regional aid, European Investment Bank]
right up to the onset of the crisis, would be as wisely invested as the
Germans did with their bit of the Marshall Plan. One would also expect
that these countries, after wisely investing the allocated funds, would,
aside from thriving, would be active co- architects of a giant,
competitive high economic growth, high quality of life area in an age of
several global economic great powers. One would also expect that the
German voters and taxpayers who provided these funds would be quite
angry that their partners had landed themselves in such dire straits
that the continent's very economic existence is threatened, just
like an uncle would be angry at his nephew for involving the family
business in a
Ponzi scheme

.

[D] Speaking of Ponzi schemes, the current anti-German feeling
gripping Southern Europe, particularly Greece and Cyprus, adds insult to
injury, and is a source of angry confusion to the German voters and
taxpayers. True, the unwillingness to consider complimentary
pan-European fiscal and monetary stimulus policies, as well as a series
of half measures on the part of Merkel's government and the German
dominated European Central Bank have massively contributed to the
crisis, but they were not the origins. German voters and taxpayers know
in their gut that they did not cause the crisis.

Who did, then? The list is long but it is simple. First, we have
the US Republican Party, led by the George W Bush Administration from
2001 to 2009, and the Republican Congress from 1995 to 2007. They were
the ones that made irresponsible piling up of more and more debt
fashionable in the West. They were the ones who passed an unpaid for,
three trillion dollar tax cut on top of a disastrous unpaid for and
unnecessary war whose liabilities range from three trillion dollars to
six trillion. They were the ones who enthusiastically repealed and
removed common sense regulations on Wall Street and Main Street alike
that even Ronald Reagan, the free market champion, didn't try to
remove during his eight years in power.

It was the ensuing Wall Street culture of greed that led to the
investment in, and marketing of complex financial products centered on
mortgage securities to the middle class and those whose economic status
was weakening as inequality grew. They encouraged the
spendthrift

,
unsustainable feel good culture of false prosperity based on ever
accelerating, ever rising home values, whilst allowing exports to
decline as a share of
GDP
 (guanosine diphosphate): see guanine.
. It was these actions that destroyed a 158
year old investment bank.

Also, it was the sheer spitefulness of the radical fringe of the
Republican Party, who, because they could never accept a liberal
African-American president, let alone the son of a Muslim Kenyan
immigrant, did everything possible to throttle the economic recovery
during Obama's first term. The would be grown-ups within the
Republican Party refused to stand up to the crazies because they feared
a negative reaction from their voter base and donors and they also
rationalized that a weak economy would give them back the White House in
2012. Even after they lost, they still are following the same strategy,
the sole objective being to beat Hillary in 2016.

Meanwhile, as America begins to inch ever closer to Europe style
collapse because of Republican obstinacy, the combined economies of the
EU also suffer, as America is their main trading partner. Second, we
have the British, where the City of London decided to mimic Wall Street
by engaging in mortgage backed securities on top of an unsustainable
housing and real estate boom, and where the Labour Party,
overcompensating for its past radically socialist agenda, got too cozy
with big business, in effect damaging free market capitalism. Ditto the
Irish, who discarded the competitive advantages of a vibrant diaspora
and a low corporate tax hub for investment from small niche high tech
firms and giants, like Google and Apple because they wanted to ape their
British neighbor. That is just the first country that required a
bailout. Then we have the rest of the West, consisting of not just the
Southern European periphery, but even France.

The Italians, although they were told that they had to tackle their
too high
debt to GDP ratio

 for over 20 years, and that they had to
regain competitiveness and increase economic opportunity for their young

underemployed
  
adj.
1. Employed only part-time when one needs and desires full-time employment.

2. Inadequately employed, especially employed at a low-paying job that requires less skill or training than one possesses.
 and employed, kept electing a clownish,
rakish
  
adj.
1. Nautical Having a trim, streamlined appearance:  
 crook whose
main objectives were to protect his business interests, keep himself out
of jail, and sleep with every young woman who caught his eye, not
necessarily in that order. The Spanish, although they kept their budgets
healthy, and made some reforms, didn't go far enough and allowed
their local community co-ops engage in their own property bubble. The
Portuguese overspent on infrastructure and civil servants. The Greeks
however did the most.

The Greek governments, with Andreas Papandreou setting the example
with the
Bank of Crete

 scandal, encouraged the culture of
tax evasion

 and the patronage and
cronyism

Tammany Hall

Manhattan Democratic political circle notorious for spoils system approach. [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 492]
 bloated big state, with jobs traded for
votes. They encouraged kickbacks with contractors big and small, [this
included a few corrupt German businessmen from Siemens even]. They
wanted to be at the heart of Europe without having to tell their voters,
that, to achieve this goal required root and branch change, so they
cooked the books repeatedly to get into the
Eurozone

Noun

same as Euroland

 n → ,

 n →  
. In fact, Germany
was doubtful from the very beginning as to whether Greece was suitable
to be a founding member, but France nagged her incessantly.

They splurged on the Olympics they couldn't afford, and
allowed the legacy to rot and Greece's beautiful forests to burn
for the sake of corrupt developers. When they admitted they were in
trouble, instead of the two mainstream political forces uniting, they
became more divided than ever; the New Democracy opposition, led by now
Prime Minister Antonis Samaras cynically calculated that
scorched earth

An antitakeover strategy in which the target firm disposes of those assets or divisions considered particularly desirable by the raider. Thus, by making itself less attractive, the target discourages the takeover attempt.
 opposition to the debt consolidation and bailout legislation put forward
by George Papandreou would win them populist votes, despite the fact
that, as an Ivy League educated economist, he should have known that he
was damaging internal and external confidence in Greece. His behavior
was especially galling, in that the 2004-2009 New Democracy government
had virtually tried to rack up as much corruption as the previous 18
years of
PASOK
 
 combined.

Furthermore, if he had put pragmatism ahead of personal ambition,
and been willing to share the political cost with Papandreou, he could
have acted as Greece's unofficial ambassador to the centre-right,
moderate conservative and Christian Democratic parties of Europe within
the parliamentary European People's Party, of which Merkel's
party is the main member. He could have utilized the contacts to
persuade Merkel that Greece was a united and credible country and that
bailout terms could be eased to kick-start economic growth. But he
didn't. As if that wasn't bad enough, Greece's political
class failed to keep law and order, allowing both far right and far left
agitators riot, further damaging the economic climate and reducing the
chances of achieving its economic aims, as if the constant general
strikes and protests weren't bad enough. Although Greeks were right
to be aggrieved at suffering, they kept digging the hole they were in by
opposing everything through non-stop demonstrations. German voters and
taxpayers did not ask for any of this.

[E] Cyprus was seen as the last straw by the German tax paying
electorate. Our Soviet educated, Cold War
throwback

 President was warned
by the Opposition, the former Central Bank governor, a succession of
finance ministers, coalition partners and the markets that the economic
crisis was going to hit Cyprus sooner or later and that some of his
spending plans had to be postponed or canceled so that we can undertake
fiscal consolidation and reform. We were watching Greece destroy itself
in front of our own eyes and we did nothing. We continued to fly
obliviously like a pigeon colliding into a skyscraper.

Can you blame the German voting taxpayer for being angry at helping
us? Can you blame the German households and enterprises for being angry
at having to bail out Cypriot banks because our bankers hadn't paid
attention to what was going on in the world and foolishly bought up
Greek assets and debt that would soon become worthless? Can you blame
the German political leadership for being tough on our country when we
could have avoided this mess if it wasn't for President Christofias
arrogantly refusing to meet with the Central Bank Governor he disliked
so as to discuss the impending haircut on Greek debt held by Cypriot
banks at an EU summit.

Do you think they have spare political capital to spend on a
country that is close to Russia, when its very closeness to Russia, in
the form of not destroying Russian
munitions
  
n.
War materiel, especially weapons and ammunition. Often used in the plural.

tr.v. mu·ni·tioned, mu·ni·tion·ing, mu·ni·tions
To supply with munitions.
 destined for Syria, blew a
crater in our economy? Do you think that German political leaders and
some of the more knowledgeable members of the German electorate, had
forgotten that the President before Christofias, had essentially put up
a neon sign saying "Eastern European underworld welcomed" by
laundering the money of Serbia's late dictator and war criminal,
Slobodan Milosevic?

Do you think that the German political leadership did not know that
our blundering attorney general had told the Daily Telegraph that he had
no intention whatsoever of investigating whether persons connected to
the Magnitsky affair, a case of tax revenue
embezzlement
 wrongful use, for one's own selfish ends, of the property of another when that property has been legally entrusted to one. Such an act was not larceny at common law because larceny was committed only when property was acquired by a "felonious taking," i.
, illegal
private investor property
confiscation

, and murder by torture, had some
of their ill-gotten wealth stored in Cyprus, when other countries were
passing laws to deny these persons' entry? Do you think any German
politician, facing an increasingly fed up and Eurosceptic public in an
election year, was going to ignore these issues, especially since
everybody got the impression that our former President was engaged in
stalling tactics, ballooning the funds required in the process, and
acting as if he could dictate the terms according to his party's
manifesto?

[F] Lastly, a final justifiable grievance of the German voter
should be noted. Germany's governments, especially the left leaning
Social Democrat-Green Coalition of 1998-2005, had implemented a
continuous raft of austerity and reform related measures, as its
business community engaged in restructuring. Germany was hit with two
shocks at once-the rapid emergence of new economic great powers like
China, and the
reunification
  
tr.v. re·u·ni·fied, re·u·ni·fy·ing, re·u·ni·fies
To cause (a group, party, state, or sect) to become unified again after being divided.
 of its own country with the collapse of the
Iron Curtain.

The West Germans had inherited a mess when they welcomed East
Germany back into the fold. Hundreds of billions of dollars were needed
to invest in East Germany so that it could converge with West
Germany's economy. Meanwhile, the emergence of low cost
destinations in Eastern-Central Europe and around the world meant that
German workers couldn't take good, high skilled manufacturing jobs
for granted, or the revenues needed for a strong welfare state. Benefits
of various types had to be reformed, unions had to embrace reasonable
changes and adapt, VAT and social insurance taxes hiked and businesses
had to have a smart strategy to integrate the West German, East German,
and East-Central European economies all had once so that they could keep
good paying jobs and technological skill in Europe and export to China,
India and Brazil.

The ordinary German worker, voter, and taxpayer had to accept a
temporary slowdown in the growth of living standards and they
didn't ask anyone for help or special favors. They expected to be
rewarded for their efforts, but then the Great Recession happened: They
were told everything was currently unstable and any great reaping of the
fruits of their labors could rock the boat and that they should be
patient. It's been over 4 years since Lehman Brothers, and really,
it has been 5 since the crisis started to come into view with the
American slump in 2007. The German voters, workers, and taxpayers are
still waiting, but they see the fruits of their labor going to other
people who appear ungrateful, spiteful and insulting. Something has got
to snap.

In conclusion, while German taxpayers, workers and voters have
indeed tried to be good cultural Lutherans, it is hard for them because,
it is not only other peoples' messes they are expected to help
clean up. The messes aren't events that were out of the
victims' control. It was in the hands of the various national
political and business elites, and unfortunately, their voters for not
realizing problems were ahead. However, that still could be tolerated
somewhat. What couldn't be tolerated is the perceived
ungratefulness and sometimes expressions of even envy and hatred from
the people that they are trying to help.

They cannot tolerate the lack of appreciation of previous German
sacrifices that were often wasted, as is the case with the Greek
bureaucrats often stealing the EU structural funds. When they
reluctantly agreed to give up their beloved Deutsch Mark as a price for
a reunited Germany, they expected other countries to fulfill their side
of the bargain. While this does not excuse the German leadership for not
even bothering with JFK's test by asking "My fellow Germans,
do not ask what Europe could do for you, but what you can do for an

United States of Europe

", they are in an undeniably tight spot. We
should help them by handling our differences with dignity, not by trying
to degrade them through psychological abuse and emotional blackmail.

Copyright Cyprus Mail 2013

Provided by Syndigate.info an Albawaba.com company

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